PARTHASARATHI SHOME, Director & Chief Executive, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), New Delhi. He was Chief Economist, Her Majesty's Revenue & Customs (HMRC), United Kingdom (2008-11) and Adviser to Indian Finance Minister (2004-08), when he also served as Chairman, Empowered Committee for Computerisation of the tax departments, and Permanent Invitee, Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers for VAT/GST. Earlier, he served at the International Monetary Fund (1983-2004) in various capacities, including as the first Senior Economist in the Office of the Managing Director (1988-89), Chief of Tax Policy (1992-95), and Director, IMF Singapore Institute (2001-03). He was Professor of Economics at American University, Washington D.C. where he served between 1975-83. His books are from Oxford University Press, Routledge, IMF, Business Standard Publishers, and others. He has provided technical assistance to over thirty countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. He chaired India's Ninth Five Year Plan and Tenth Five Year Plan Advisory Groups on Tax Policy and Administration. He was Professor at ICRIER (1999-2001) and Director, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, New Delhi (1995-97). In 2000, he was awarded the highest civilian honour of the Brazilian government, Commander of the Order of the Southern Cross, for his contributions to Brazilian tax reform. He has published in the Journal of Economic Theory, Journal of Public Economics, National Tax Journal, Oxford Economic Papers, Public Finance, Public Finance Quarterly, Staff Papers IMF, and other international and national journals. For his Ph.D. thesis on the burden of the corporation income tax, he received the National Tax Association of America award for "outstanding student of taxation and public finance". His Ph.D. is from Southern Methodist University (1975), Masters degrees from University of Rochester (1973) and Delhi University (1972), B.A. Honours from Calcutta University (1970) and high school matriculation from Madras University (1966).